A Brief Summary Of Effective Study Methods

A Brief Summary Of Effective Study Methods

Description

A very condensed version of the major ideas of paying addition, learning material, and retaining information

Summary

Breakdown of information

(need to click each link, convert those into resources and then link them appropriately below)

Paying Attention

  • Split your study up into 25 minute chunks, separated by five minute breaks aka Pomodoro technique
    • protects from attention burnout
    • increases useful study time
    • prevents distractions from becoming procrastination
  • Focus on one task at a time
    • multitasking reduces overall productivity
    • impairs retention
    • stay focused app or similar may help
  • Set up your study environment
    • make your environment conducive to study
    • identify procrastination cues
    • have a lamp you only use for studying- triggers situational psychology
  • Choose the right music
    • avoid music while absorbing new information
    • especially unfamiliar music or those with lyrics
    • improves productivity for mundane and well practiced tasks

Learning Material

  • Understand the principles behind 'deep processing'
    • The more you connect to learned material, the more you'll remember it.
    • This improves recall and ability to apply material
    • A study strategy that forces this is a 'orienting task'
  • Develop your metacognition
    • Overconfidence of metacognition negatively correlates with academic success
    • …and can prevent updating on new material
    • Overconfident learners spend less time on material than they should
    • test yourself regularly on knowledge to combat this
  • Understand the difference between recognition and recollection
    • Sense of recognition leads to overconfidence
    • test yourself on recall ability before reviewing it
    • this avoids mistaking recognition for recall, and helps focus the review.
  • Troubleshoot your understanding
    • Concepts have chains of dependencies, so trouble understanding one concept implies past misunderstanding
    • Looks for flaws in understanding of fundamental concepts, and target those specifically.

Holding onto Information

  • Test yourself on material
    • practice retrieval to improve recall
    • ensure cues are appropriate to how you'll be tested (past paper questions)
    • flashcards should cue recall, and process material deeply.
  • Make use of spaced repetition
    • test yourself on material as you're likely to forget it to increase recall
    • use SRS software for this
  • Get some sleep
    • if you're going to cram, do it the evening before, and get a lot of sleep.
    • get a good nights sleep every day you've studied
    • f.lux may help you get to sleep

relevant links

http://lesswrong.com/lw/k4n/a_brief_summary_of_effective_study_methods/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IlU-zDU6aQ0&t=1m30s
http://pomodorotechnique.com/
http://lesswrong.com/lw/ase/schelling_fences_on_slippery_slopes/
http://psychology.about.com/od/cognitivepsychology/a/costs-of-multitasking.htm
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IlU-zDU6aQ0&t=10m18s
http://lesswrong.com/lw/52g/the_good_news_of_situationist_psychology/
http://ideas.time.com/2012/09/12/does-listening-to-music-while-working-make-you-less-productive/
http://lesswrong.com/lw/juh/less_wrong_study_hall_year_1_retrospective/
https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/stayfocusd/laankejkbhbdhmipfmgcngdelahlfoji?hl=en
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9O7y7XEC66M&list=PL85708E6EA236E3DB&index=3
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1xeHh5DnCIw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RH95h36NChI&t=3m58s
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E9GrOxhYZdQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eVtCO84MDj8
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IlU-zDU6aQ0&t=34m35s
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gM95HHI4gLk&t=7m47s
http://www.gwern.net/Spaced%20repetition#background-testing-works
http://psychology.about.com/od/cognitivepsychology/p/forgetting.htm
http://lesswrong.com/lw/jj2/book_review_how_learning_works/
http://lesswrong.com/lw/58m/build_small_skills_in_the_right_order/
http://lesswrong.com/lw/e8w/what_are_useful_skills_to_learn_at_university/

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